People

Pierre Louis Dulong

born February 12th, 1785

Pierre Louis Dulong FRS FRSE was a French physicist and chemist. He is remembered today largely for the law of Dulong and Petit, although he was much-lauded by his contemporaries for his studies into the elasticity of steam, conduction of heat, and specific heats of gases. He worked most extensively on the specific heat capacity and the expansion and refractive indices of gases. He collaborated several times with fellow scientist Alexis Petit, the co-creator of the Dulong–Petit law.

Pierre Mendès France

born January 11th, 1907

Pierre Isaac Isidore Mendès France was a French politician who served as prime minister of France for eight months from 1954 to 1955. As a member of the Radical Party, he headed a government supported by a coalition of Gaullists (RPF), moderate socialists (UDSR), Christian democrats (MRP) and liberal-conservatives (CNIP). His main priority was ending the Indochina War, which had already cost 92,000 lives, with 114,000 wounded and 28,000 captured on the French side. Public opinion polls showed that, in February 1954, only 7% of the French people wanted to continue the fight to regain Indochina out of the hands of the Communists, led by Ho Chi Minh and his Viet Minh movement. At the 1954 Geneva Conference, Mendès France negotiated a deal that gave the Viet Minh control of Vietnam north of the seventeenth parallel, and allowed him to pull out all French forces. He is considered one of the most prominent statesmen of the French Fourth Republic.

Pierre Mercure

died January 29th, 1966

Pierre Mercure was a Québécois composer, TV producer, bassoonist, and administrator.

Pierre Messmer

born March 20th, 1916

Pierre Joseph Auguste Messmer was a French Gaullist politician. He served as Minister of Armies under Charles de Gaulle from 1960 to 1969 – the longest serving since Étienne François, duc de Choiseul under Louis XV – and then as Prime Minister under Georges Pompidou from 1972 to 1974. A member of the French Foreign Legion, he was considered one of the historical Gaullists, and died aged 91 in the military hospital of the Val-de-Grâce in August 2007. He was elected a member of the Académie française in 1999; his seat was taken over by Simone Veil.

Pierre Moinot

born March 29th, 1920

Pierre Moinot was a French novelist. He was elected to the Académie française on 21 January 1982.

Pierre Molinier

born April 13th, 1900

Pierre Molinier was a French painter, photographer and "maker of objects".

Pierre Mondy

born February 10th, 1925

Pierre Mondy was a French film and theatre actor and director.

Pierre Monteux

born April 4th, 1875

Pierre Benjamin Monteux was a French conductor. After violin and viola studies, and a decade as an orchestral player and occasional conductor, he began to receive regular conducting engagements in 1907. He came to prominence when, for Sergei Diaghilev's Ballets Russes company between 1911 and 1914, he conducted the world premieres of Stravinsky's The Rite of Spring and other prominent works including Petrushka, The Nightingale, Ravel's Daphnis et Chloé, and Debussy's Jeux. Thereafter he directed orchestras around the world for more than half a century.

Pierre Morel

born May 12th, 1964

Pierre Morel is a French film director and cinematographer. His work includes District 13, From Paris with Love, and Taken.

Pierre Morency

born May 8th, 1942

Pierre Morency, is a French Canadian writer, poet and playwright.

Pierre Nihant

born April 5th, 1925

Pierre Nihant was a Belgian cyclist. He was born in Trembleur, in the Province of Liège. He won a silver medal in the 1000m time trial at the 1948 Summer Olympics in London.

Pierre Ossian Bonnet

born December 22nd, 1819

Pierre Ossian Bonnet was a French mathematician. He made some important contributions to the differential geometry of surfaces, including the Gauss–Bonnet theorem.

Pierre Pagé

born April 30th, 1948

Pierre Pagé is a Canadian former ice hockey coach and executive. He only played briefly while attending college at St. Francis Xavier University in 1970-71, then turned to coaching.

Pierre Palmade

born March 23rd, 1968

Pierre Palmade is a French actor, comedian, stage director and playwright.

Pierre Péladeau

April 11th, 1925 - December 24th, 1997

Pierre Péladeau was a French-Canadian businessman. He was the founder of Quebecor Inc., a Canadian media and telecommunications conglomerate in Quebec.

Pierre Pflimlin

born February 5th, 1907

Pierre Eugène Jean Pflimlin was a French Christian Democrat politician who served as the Prime Minister of the Fourth Republic for a few weeks in 1958, before being replaced by Charles de Gaulle during the crisis of that year.

Pierre Philippeaux

died April 5th, 1794

Pierre Philippeaux, was a French lawyer who was a deputy to the National Convention for Sarthe.

Pierre Pleimelding

died May 1st, 2013

Pierre Pleimelding was a French football striker and manager who obtained a cap for France. He is the son of another professional football player, René Pleimelding and the brother of Gérard Pleimelding.

Pierre Renoir

March 21st, 1885 - March 11th, 1952

Pierre Renoir was a French stage and film actor. He was the son of the impressionist painter Pierre-Auguste Renoir and elder brother of the film director Jean Renoir. He is also noted for being the first actor to play Georges Simenon's character Inspector Jules Maigret in Night at the Crossroads, directed by his brother.

Pierre Rode

born February 16th, 1774

Jacques Pierre Joseph Rode was a French violinist and composer.

Pierre Rosenberg

born April 13th, 1936

Pierre Max Rosenberg is a French art historian, curator, and professor. Rosenberg is the honorary president and director of the Musée du Louvre in Paris, and since 1995, he has held the 23rd seat of the Académie Française. He was Slade Professor of Fine Art at the University of Cambridge in 1987.

Pierre S. du Pont

born January 15th, 1870

Pierre Samuel du Pont was an American entrepreneur, businessman, philanthropist and member of the prominent du Pont family.

Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza

born January 26th, 1852

Pierre Paul François Camille Savorgnan de Brazza was an Italian-French explorer. With his family's financial help, he explored the Ogooué region of Central Africa, and later with the backing of the Société de Géographie de Paris, he reached far into the interior along the right bank of the Congo. He has often been depicted as a man of friendly manner, great charm and peaceful approach towards the Africans he met and worked with on his journeys, but recent research has revealed that he in fact alternated this kind of approach with more calculated deceit and at times relentless armed violence towards local populations. Under French colonial rule, the capital of the Republic of the Congo was named Brazzaville after him and the name was retained by the post-colonial rulers, one of the few African nations to do so.

Pierre Schoendoerffer

died March 14th, 2012

Pierre Schoendoerffer was a French film director, a screenwriter, a writer, a war reporter, a war cameraman, a renowned First Indochina War veteran, a cinema academician. He was president of the Académie des Beaux-Arts for 2001 and for 2007.

Pierre Séguier

died January 28th, 1672

Pierre Séguier was a French statesman, chancellor of France from 1635.

Pierre Sévigny (politician)

died March 20th, 2004

Joseph Pierre Albert Sévigny, PC, OC, CD, VM, ED was a Canadian soldier, author, politician, and academic. He is best known for his involvement in the Munsinger Affair.

Pierre Soulages

born December 24th, 1919

Pierre Jean Louis Germain Soulages was a French painter, printmaker, and sculptor. In 2014, President François Hollande of France described him as "the world's greatest living artist." His works are held by leading museums of the world, and there is a museum dedicated to his art in his hometown of Rodez.

Pierre Teilhard de Chardin

May 1st, 1881 - April 10th, 1955

Pierre Teilhard de Chardin was a French Jesuit, Catholic priest, scientist, paleontologist, theologian, philosopher, and teacher. He was Darwinian in outlook and the author of several influential theological and philosophical books. His mainstream scientific achievements included taking part in the discovery of Peking Man. His more speculative ideas, sometimes criticized as pseudoscientific, have included a vitalist conception of the Omega Point and the development along with Vladimir Vernadsky of the concept of a noosphere.

Pierre Terrail, seigneur de Bayard

died April 30th, 1524

Pierre Terrail, seigneur de Bayard was a French knight and military leader at the transition between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, generally known as the Chevalier de Bayard. Throughout the centuries since his death, he has been known as "the knight without fear and beyond reproach". He himself preferred the name given him by his contemporaries for his gaiety and kindness, "le bon chevalier".

Pierre Varignon

died December 23rd, 1722

Pierre Varignon was a French mathematician. He was educated at the Jesuit College and the University of Caen, where he received his M.A. in 1682. He took Holy Orders the following year.

Pierre Victor Auger

May 14th, 1899 - December 25th, 1993

Pierre Victor Auger was a French physicist, born in Paris. He worked in the fields of atomic physics, nuclear physics, and cosmic ray physics. He is famous for being one of the discoverers of the Auger effect, named after him.

Pierre Viret

died May 4th, 1571

Pierre Viret was a Swiss Reformed theologian, evangelist and Protestant reformer.
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