People

Johann Matthias Gesner

born April 9th, 1691

Johann Matthias Gesner was a German classical scholar and schoolmaster.

Johann Matthias Hase

born January 14th, 1684

Johann Matthias (Matyhias) Hase was a German mathematician, astronomer, and cartographer.

Johann Melchior Molter

born February 10th, 1696

Johann Melchior Molter was a German composer and violinist of the late Baroque period.

Johann Melchior Roos

born December 27th, 1663

Johann Melchior Roos, was a German Baroque painter.

Johann Moritz Rugendas

born March 29th, 1802

Johann Moritz Rugendas was a German painter, famous in the first half of the 19th century for his works depicting landscapes and ethnographic subjects in several countries in the Americas. Rugendas is considered "by far the most varied and important of the European artists to visit Latin America." He was influenced by Alexander von Humboldt.

Johann Nikolaus Forkel

born February 22nd, 1749

Johann Nikolaus Forkel was a German musicologist and music theorist, generally regarded as among the founders of modern musicology. His publications include Johann Sebastian Bach: His Life, Art, and Work, the first substantial survey on the life and works of Johann Sebastian Bach.

Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim

born January 27th, 1701

Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim was a German historian and theologian. He is remembered as Febronius, the pseudonym under which he wrote his 1763 treatise On the State of the Church and the Legitimate Power of the Roman Pontiff and which gave rise to febronianism.

Johann Palisa

died May 2nd, 1925

Johann Palisa was an Austrian astronomer, born in Troppau, Austrian Silesia, now Czech Republic. He was a prolific discoverer of asteroids, discovering 122 in all, from 136 Austria in 1874 to 1073 Gellivara in 1923. Some of his notable discoveries include 153 Hilda, 216 Kleopatra, 243 Ida, 253 Mathilde, 324 Bamberga, and the near-Earth asteroid 719 Albert. Palisa made his discoveries without the aid of photography, and he remains the most successful visual (non-photographic) asteroid discoverer of all time. He was awarded the Valz Prize from the French Academy of Sciences in 1906. The asteroid 914 Palisana, discovered by Max Wolf in 1919, and the lunar crater Palisa were named in his honour.

Johann Peter Hebel

born May 10th, 1760

Johann Peter Hebel was a German short story writer, dialectal poet, Lutheran theologian and pedagogue, most famous for a collection of Alemannic lyric poems and one of German tales.

Johann Pfeffinger

born December 27th, 1493

Johann Pfeffinger was a significant theologian and Protestant Reformer.

Johann Philipp Förtsch

born May 14th, 1652

Johann Philipp Förtsch was a German baroque composer, statesman and doctor.

Johann Philipp Reis

born January 7th, 1834

Johann Philipp Reis was a self-taught German scientist and inventor. In 1861, he constructed the first make-and-break telephone, today called the Reis telephone.

Johann Rall

died December 27th, 1776

Johann Gottlieb Rall was a German colonel best known for his command of Hessian troops at the Battle of Trenton during the American Revolutionary War.

Johann Reinhard I, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg

born February 13th, 1569

Count Johann Reinhard I of Hanau-Lichtenberg ruled the county of Hanau-Lichtenberg from 1599 to 1625.

Johann Reuchlin

born January 29th, 1455

Johann Reuchlin, sometimes called Johannes, was a German Catholic humanist and a scholar of Greek and Hebrew, whose work also took him to modern-day Austria, Switzerland, Italy, and France. Most of Reuchlin's career centered on advancing German knowledge of Greek and Hebrew.

Johann Rudolf Glauber

born March 10th, 1604

Johann Rudolf Glauber was a German-Dutch alchemist and chemist. Some historians of science have described him as one of the first chemical engineers. His discovery of sodium sulfate in 1625 led to the compound being named after him: "Glauber's salt".

Johann Rudolf Wyss

born March 4th, 1782

Johann Rudolf Wyss was a Swiss author, writer, and folklorist who wrote the words to the former Swiss national anthem Rufst Du, mein Vaterland in 1811, and also edited the novel The Swiss Family Robinson, written by his father Johann David Wyss, published in 1812.

Johann Rudolf Zumsteeg

born January 10th, 1760

Johann Rudolf Zumsteeg was a German composer and conductor from the Classical period.

Johann Rudolph Ahle

born December 24th, 1625

Johann Rudolph Ahle was a German composer, organist, theorist, and Protestant church musician.

Johann Salomo Semler

died March 14th, 1791

Johann Salomo Semler was a German church historian, biblical commentator, and critic of ecclesiastical documents and of the history of dogmas. He is sometimes known as "the father of German rationalism".

Johann Sebastian Bach

born March 31st, 1685

Johann Sebastian Bach was a German composer and musician of the late Baroque period. He is known for his orchestral music such as the Brandenburg Concertos; solo instrumental works such as the cello suites and sonatas and partitas for solo violin; keyboard works such as the Goldberg Variations and The Well-Tempered Clavier; organ works such as the Schubler Chorales and the Toccata and Fugue in D minor; and choral works such as the St Matthew Passion and the Mass in B minor.

Johann Sebastian Paetsch

born April 11th, 1964

Johann Sebastian Paetsch is an American cellist and musician.

Johann Smith

born April 25th, 1987

Johann Smith is an American former soccer player who played as a forward, winger, and left back.

Johann Spurzheim

born December 31st, 1776

Johann Gaspar Spurzheim was a German physician who became one of the chief proponents of phrenology, which was developed c. 1800 by Franz Joseph Gall (1758–1828).

Johann Stamitz

died March 27th, 1757

Johann Wenzel Anton Stamitz was a Bohemian composer and violinist. His two surviving sons, Carl and Anton Stamitz, were composers of the Mannheim school, of which Johann is considered the founding father. His music is stylistically transitional between Baroque and Classical periods.

Johann Strauss I

born March 14th, 1804

Johann Baptist Strauss I, also known as Johann Strauss Sr., the Elder or the Father, was an Austrian composer of the Romantic Period. He was famous for his light music, namely waltzes, polkas, and galops, which he popularized alongside Joseph Lanner, thereby setting the foundations for his sons—Johann, Josef and Eduard—to carry on his musical dynasty. He is best known for his composition of the Radetzky March.

Johann Stumpf (writer)

born April 23rd, 1500

Johann Stumpf was an early writer on the history and topography of Switzerland as well as a theologian and cartographer.

Johann Sylvan

died December 23rd, 1572

Johann Sylvan was a Reformed German theologian who was executed for his heretical Antitrinitarian beliefs.

Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly

died April 30th, 1632

Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly was a field marshal who commanded the Catholic League's forces in the Thirty Years' War. From 1620–31, he had an unmatched and demoralizing string of important victories against the Protestants, including White Mountain, Wimpfen, Höchst, Stadtlohn and the Conquest of the Palatinate. He destroyed a Danish army at Lutter and sacked the Protestant city of Magdeburg, which caused the death of some 20,000 of the city's inhabitants, both defenders and non-combatants, out of a total population of 25,000.

Johann Uz

died May 12th, 1796

Johann Peter Uz was a German poet.

Johann Vogel (footballer)

born March 8th, 1977

Johann Louis François Vogel is a Swiss former professional footballer who played as a midfielder. He spent much of his professional career with Grasshopper Club Zürich and PSV. In his later career, he played for Milan, Betis, and Blackburn Rovers before returning to Grasshoppers. At international level, he amassed 94 caps scoring twice for the Switzerland national team.

Johann Weyer

died February 24th, 1588

Johann Weyer or Johannes Wier was a Dutch physician who was among the first to publish a thorough treatise against the trials and persecution of people accused of witchcraft. His most influential work is De Praestigiis Daemonum et Incantationibus ac Venificiis.
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