Charles the Bald

June 13, 0823
October 6, 0877
(54 years old)

Charles the Bald, also known as Charles II, was a Frankish king who ruled from 843 until his death in 877. He was the youngest son of Louis the Pious and was born in Frankfurt, Germany in 823. Charles the Bald was a remarkable figure in the history of Europe, known for his military prowess, political acumen, and scholarly achievements. This blog post will explore the life and legacy of Charles the Bald, highlighting his most significant contributions to the Frankish kingdom and the wider world.

Early Life

Charles the Bald was born into a powerful family of Frankish rulers. His father, Louis the Pious, was the son of Charlemagne, the legendary king who had united much of Western Europe under his rule. As a young prince, Charles was educated in the court of his father, where he received a thorough grounding in Latin, theology, and classical literature. He was a gifted student, and his love of learning would stay with him throughout his life.

Military Career

Charles the Bald was a skilled warrior who led his armies to many victories on the battlefield. He played a crucial role in the Battle of Fontenoy in 841, where he and his brother Louis the German defeated their elder half-brother Lothair I in a bloody conflict that ended the civil war that had ravaged the Frankish kingdom for years. After the battle, Charles was granted the western part of the Frankish kingdom, which included modern-day France.

Charles the Bald had to contend with many enemies during his reign, including Viking raiders, Saracen invaders, and rebellious vassals. He proved to be a capable military leader who was able to repel many of these threats and maintain the integrity of his kingdom. He also established a network of fortified towns and castles that helped to deter would-be aggressors.

Scholarly Achievements

Charles the Bald was not only a warrior but also a scholar who was passionate about learning. He was a patron of the arts and sciences and supported many scholars and intellectuals during his reign. He established several schools and libraries, where students could study theology, law, and philosophy. He also commissioned translations of classical works into Latin, which helped to preserve many important texts that might have otherwise been lost.

One of Charles the Bald's most significant achievements was his role in the Carolingian Renaissance, a period of cultural and intellectual revival that took place in Europe during the eighth and ninth centuries. Charles was one of the leading figures of this movement, and he played a crucial role in promoting the study of classical texts and the development of new ideas in the fields of science, art, and literature.


Charles the Bald's legacy is a complex one that encompasses both his military and scholarly achievements. He is remembered as a warrior king who was able to defend his kingdom against a variety of threats and maintain its stability. He is also remembered as a patron of the arts and sciences who helped to preserve and promote many important works of literature and philosophy.

Charles the Bald's influence can be seen in many areas of modern European culture. His support for learning helped to lay the foundation for the development of the university system in Europe, and his patronage of the arts helped to inspire many later cultural movements. His legacy is also visible in the many castles and fortified towns that still stand throughout Europe today.

Also born on June 13th

Also died on October 6th

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